Friday, April 24, 2020

Otitis Media free essay sample

Otitis media is an inflamation of the middle ear. â€Å"Otitis† means inflammation of the ear, and â€Å"Media† means middle . Otitis Media is usually of rapid onset and short duration. It is typically associated with a bulging of the eardrum, accompanied by pain, and fever can be present. Both middle ear inflammation and fluid accumulation are required for a diagnosis of acute otitis media. Accompanied by other evidence of infection, such as fever, ear pain, and cold symptoms. The usefulness of antibiotics in the treatment of ear is immediate treatment with high-dose amoxicillin (80 to 100 mg per kg of body weight per day orally) for 7 days. A cure can be tympanoplasty, which is a microsurgery to reconstruct the ear. Therapy can include typanocentesis, to delineate the etiology of acute otitis media, which is to clean the ear with mild detergent . Mostly children get Otitis Media, since they are at higher risks due to their poor prognosis. We will write a custom essay sample on Otitis Media or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Otitis Media is not inherited. Body Otitis media is an infection of the middle ear. It can be acute, which means symptoms begin suddenly and are severe; chronic, which means they occur frequently, usually lasting for one month or longer; and with effusion, which means there is fluid behind the ear drum. It is this particular disorder because Otitis media symptoms may also include fever, pain, outward bulging of the eardrum, headache, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and temporary difficulty with hearing. (provide proof)In most cases, ear infections are treated with antibiotics, sometimes combined with anti-inflammatory drugs. Your doctor may give you eardrops, and recommend acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain. Holding something warm against the ear, such as a heating pad set on low, can also relieve pain. With treatment, an ear infection usually clears up within 10 days. A cure for otitis media is Tympanoplasty, which is a microsurgery that uses a patients own tissues to reconstruct the tympanic membrane (eardrum). It is used to delicately remove scarring in the middle ear. People with chronic ear infections may need to have a very small Tympanostomy tube inserted in the eardrum to drain fluids and relieve pressure. This procedure is performed under anesthesia on an outpatient basis. After a few months, the tiny tubes fall out on their own. While decongestants may relieve cold symptoms and antihistamines provide allergy relief, neither drug will cure an ear infection. pharmacist, or physician will look into the ear using an Otoscope with an insufflator. If the ear drum is not moving well with insufflations’ and the color of the ear drum is red instead of its normal white, a diagnosis of Acute Otitis Media can be made. The Tympanometer or acoustic meter can also be used to make a diagnosis. It can be detected by examining the ear and how it responds. There is also therapy for Otitis Media. The therapy is to delay antibiotic use in the management of Acute Otitis Media. The procedures that are used is Typanocentesis. Typanocentesis with a needle and syringe may be appropriate to delineate the etiology of an acute otitis media in an immunocompromised patient or in patients with persistent fever in the face of antibiotic therapy. Typanometry is easy to perform on any care. On the other hand, another therapy in use is Nasopharngoscopy, which may reveal anatomic factors. They show purulent matter of the nasal opening of the Eustachian tube. Children mostly get Otitis Media during the ages of 4 and below, such as 6 to 18 months old. This is 10 times the amount of adults who suffer from the same condition usually. The younger the child, the more severe the disease and greater the risk of complications. In children below the ages of 2 have a poor prognosis. Adults are able to resolve without any antibiotic treatment. In a study to determine whether or not there is a familial or hereditary predisposition to develop secretory otitis media (SOM), the parents of 73 children with persistent SOM and 35 controls were examined clinically, and abnormalities of the tympanic membrane (TM) noted. Analysis of the findings suggests that heredity plays a large part in determining a childs likelihood of developing SOM Almost every child will suffer at least one episode of otitis media (OM). Therefore, it is not immediately obvious that there is a genetic predisposition to the development of the disease. The identification of OM susceptibility genes allows the development of molecular diagnostic assays that will inform the clinician as to which child is at increased risk and warrants more aggressive intervention. However , No, there is no evidence that ear infections are inherited. Ear infections are most common in infants and young children because they have a shorter, less angled Eustachian tube and because they have immature immune systems. People who have had frequent ear infections as a child may or may not continue to get them as adults.

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Night Terrors Essays - Psychiatric Diagnosis, Sleep Disorders

Night Terrors Night Terrors Night terrors are relatively common occurrence that appears mostly in young children typically between the ages of three and five year olds. A night terror usually occurs after the child goes to bed. Night terrors can be hereditary. If you or your spouse had them as a young child, most likely your child will get them too. Night Terrors are not harming to your child. It is best if they just sleep through it because when they wake up it is likley for them to not remember a thing about it. (http://www.kidshealth.org/parent/behavior/nightter.htm.) A night terror is not the same thing as a nightmare. Nightmares occur during the dream phase of sleep known as the REM sleep. A nightmare will frighten the child who will wake up and tell you all about it. A night terror will occur after 90 minutes after the child goes to sleep. In a night terror the persons eyes can be wide open and will still be a sleep. When the child does wake up from the night terror they cant usually explain what happened. However some can remember the whole thing and some can remember portions of it.(http/www2.micro-net.com.) Some symptoms and facts of night terrors are screaming, sweating, confusion, rapid heart rate, unable to explain what happened. FACTS OF NIGHT TERRORS run in families are not dangerous can last 10-2o minutes Can happen at any age 6months to 100 years old. Why does your child have night terrors? Fatigue and psychological stress may also play roles in their occurrence. Its important that your child gets plenty of rest. Beware of things that may be upsetting to you child. Try to cut down the stress that your child will be having. The night terror usually occurs at the same time everynight. Doctors suggest that you wake up your child 30-minutes before the night terror usually happens. Have your child talk to you. Keep her talking for at least five minutes. Then let her go back to sleep. Night terrors are frightening but not harmful.(http.www.kids health.prg/parent/behavior/nightter.html) Doctors say that its best for you to let the episode run its course. Skating your child up and Screaming at them will only make them agitated more. You should always worhouse guests, babysitters family members of the problem so no one gets frighten. There is really no cure for night Terrors or nightmares. Just always remember let then rub there course your child can not be harmed for them. Allow yourself to be available when they wake up to listen or comfort them. Psychology

TOEFL SpeechRater Enhanced Speaking Scoring

TOEFL SpeechRater Enhanced Speaking Scoring At the 2019 TOEFL iBT Seminar in Seoul on September 5, ETS announced details of the new Enh...